Science Squirrel Association »What’s the use of oil?

Must Read

【一线采访视频版】大陆民众:庆幸早退出中共组织 | 退党 | 移民 | 美国

【大纪元2020年10月23日讯】(大纪元特约记者常春采访报导)美国移民局最近发布新移民政策指南,明文强调凡是申请移民的共产党员,或其它极权主义政党的党员或与其相关的成员,都不会获得受理。 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0uiZVimW-c大陆民众江先生表示:“退这个(少先)队是在2014年,2015年左右,我都退了。我对他们从来就没有过好感,因为从小我这个家族也是受他们迫害了几代。所以说我对他们就没有好感,从小就没有好感。我入少先队的时候,是小学毕业了,眼瞅毕业了最后一批,没招了,不入不行了。” 今年由于中共病毒(武汉肺炎)的全球流行,以及践踏香港自治等问题,中共前所未有地受到国际抵制,不少大陆民众以中共一员的身份为耻。 江先生表示,无论现在你是什么样一个社会状态,你加入这个组织,可以说是一个污点,真的是一个污点。当一个社会包括医疗、养老、物价、福利各个方面都不好的时候,那你执政党做的就是不好。# 责任编辑:孙芸

参与迫害法轮功 中共警察遭厄运实例 | 陈恩德 | 巴达日夫

【大纪元2020年10月23日讯】自从1999年7月20日,中共各级组织都有人在参与迫害法轮功学员,他们中许多人遭遇厄运,其中包括警察。 据明慧网不完全统计,截至2018年,在中共19年对法轮功的迫害中,有20,784名参与迫害者遭厄运。公安系统包括公安局、拘留所、看守所和派出所,遭厄运者有5,512人,其中警察有4,540人。 他们中有病死的、被雷劈死的、车祸死的、暴毙的、自杀的、半身不遂的,有被判刑、撤职的,还有自己作恶殃及家人的等等。 下面是近一两年来直接参与迫害法轮功学员的中共警察遭厄运的几个实例。 原山东省沂南县苏村镇派出所所长陈恩德病亡 陈恩德,68岁,是山东省沂南县蒲汪镇下坡村人,1999年江泽民迫害法轮功的初期,陈恩德任沂南县苏村镇派出所所长,后因迫害法轮功卖力,被调到沂南县拘留所。 陈恩德任苏村镇派出所所长期间,曾疯狂叫嚣打死法轮功学员不负任何责任。2020年10月,陈恩德遭厄运,因脑梗死亡。 沂南苏村镇是迫害法轮功重灾区,镇委书记王爱昌、任立军和派出所所长陈恩德和警察杜以刚等,对本镇法轮功学员进行了惨无人道的迫害,将法轮功学员杜以合暴打几天几夜。陈恩德将其用电棍电击近一小时,并用绳子勒昏死,用钢棍猛击他的腿骨腰骨,导致他重伤,只能爬行。 其他法轮功学员也都被扒光衣服,在雪地里挨冻,被强制灌酒,禁止睡觉,被用竹板猛抽等等。 王爱昌、任立军、陈恩德在任期间,将本镇法轮功学员非法劳教7人,间接迫害致死1人,将二十几人非法关在看守所;还对法轮功学员罚款、抄家,强制办洗脑班等等。 内蒙古正蓝旗公安局副局长巴达日夫落马 2019年3月30日,正在政府开会的正蓝旗公安局副局长巴达日夫,被戴上黑头套带离会场,接受审查。 同年11月,巴达日夫被苏尼特左旗检察院以涉嫌徇私枉法罪等向旗法院提起公诉。年底被法院庭审,最终被绳之以法。 事情起因于10年前,发生在正蓝旗的一起重伤害案件。在侦办过程中,案犯凶手贿赂巴达日夫十万元钱后,逍遥法外。受害人不服,但一直上告无门。没想到,当年的案犯10年后,再次犯下凶杀罪。巴达日夫也因此受牵连。 巴达日夫在任职期间,作为主管副局长对当地法轮功学员遭受的迫害负有不可推卸的责任。 2015年11月,公安系统对全旗参与起诉江泽民的法轮功学员进行骚扰恐吓,其中吕姓的法轮功学员被非法关押10天。 2017年6月,法轮功学员小苗被十几个刑警和国保人员抄家绑架,在阴冷的地下审讯室被轮番审讯、威胁辱骂,直到身体不能承受,承认那些书籍资料是自己制作的,才被允许睡觉,地上只有一个草垫子,没有被褥。 小苗被关入看守所后又遭到狱警安智颖的殴打,生命出现危险,才被取保。一年后,小苗又被公安绑架关押,遭非法起诉、非法庭审。在下达非法判决前,小苗没和家人告别,被迫流离失所,从此杳无音信。 云南省楚雄市公安局警察李俊暴病死亡 云南省楚雄州楚雄市公安局警察李俊,49岁,在2020年4月的一天上班中突然暴病,抢救无效后死亡。李俊上有八十多岁老父亲,下有在校读书的女儿。因为他的死亡,其妻每天哭两三次。 1999年7月23日下午6点多钟,大概有三十多名法轮功学员自发地顶着铺天盖地的打压迫害,陆续来到桃园湖文化宫前边的空地上坚持炼法轮功,无声地抗议江泽民集团对法轮功的无理迫害。 在他们炼功时,来了几辆110警车。李俊是110的组长,他带领着警察抢学员的录音机、炼功带,抢法轮功经文,把法轮功学员全部抓进公安局。学员们从警察手里抢回经文、录音机。警察气急败坏地驱赶他们。 李俊出生在一个普通家庭,他曾对关系处得好的朋友说:自己家境贫寒,父母都没有权,没有钱,没有社会地位。所以,李俊把中共当成了改变命运、能升官发财的救命稻草。李俊曾在楚雄市东瓜镇派出所当过党书记。 善恶面前须认真选择 法轮功是佛家高德大法,法轮功学员按照“真、善、忍”要求自己,于己、于民、于国都是百利而无一害。 中国古人有句话:善恶有报是天理,只争来早与来迟。 时事评论员夏小强指出,在中国的传统文化中,善恶有报如影随形这种观念,让人们努力的行善,可以为自己今后的生活和子孙后代积点福德。 相反,人如果做了坏事,也就要在未来接受苦难和灾难并且偿还,有时候还会殃及自己的家人。在人类东、西方的历史上,都留下了因为迫害信仰和修行者而遭到报应的教训。比如强大的罗马帝国因为迫害基督徒,而遭受几次大的瘟疫之后亡国;在中国历史上也有三武一宗灭佛,不仅给百姓带来灾难,这些灭佛的皇帝也都遭到壮年暴毙的报应。 中国历史学者、教授刘因全也指出,因果报应与报应不爽确实存在,善有善报、恶有恶报,对法轮功的迫害也是这样。 明慧网奉劝那些还在参与迫害法轮功学员的人悬崖勒马,不要祸及自身及子孙后代,没了命,追求的升官发财等一切眼前利益都是一场空。 文字整理:李洁思;责任编辑:高静 #

In recent years, the field of new energy has become a key field for the development of countries around the world. In several major energy-consuming countries, solar energy, wind energy and other various new energy sources are developing rapidly. However, it is also a new energy source. Various methods for power generation have developed rapidly. Several major technical routes have shown environmental benefits over fossil energy. Their contribution to the power grid is getting higher and higher. In the field, the situation is much more complicated.

Oil currently provides more than 90% of the energy used for human transportation. There are many reasons why people choose oil as the main form of energy for transportation. The reserves of oil are huge. People have already extracted hundreds of billions of tons of oil. The current known reserves can still be maintained for several decades at the current rate of extraction of about 4 billion tons per year. This amount is currently unmatched by other non-fossil energy sources. Petroleum belongs to material energy, that is, energy exists in the form of matter. In this way, compared with electricity, energy storage and transportation are very convenient. It can be easily transported across the ocean or to remote areas. Locally, it does not completely rely on a fixed transportation network, and can be easily carried by airplanes, ships, and vehicles. The energy density of petroleum is also very high. For transportation equipment with limited volume and limited load, this feature is very important, and it is currently unmatched by other forms of energy.

Although petroleum is much cleaner than coal, which is also fossil energy, it still has many environmental impacts during its mining, transportation, processing, and use. Especially after the accident, the impact may be very large. For example, the oil spill in the US Gulf of Mexico in 2010 had a large impact on the Gulf of Mexico and the surrounding land areas. In some underdeveloped oil-producing countries, the losses caused by poor supervision and poor governance have been ignored by people for a long time. The problem of temperature gas emissions caused by the use of petroleum is also very serious. Fossil energy is a carbon-based resource, and carbon dioxide needs to be emitted after use, and oil is no exception. The problem of climate change caused by the huge amount of greenhouse gas emissions is a problem that the entire international community is striving to solve. Looking for a clean alternative to oil is an important part of the fight against climate change.

Even without considering environmental issues, people need to start looking for oil substitutes because oil is not enough. In recent years, the price of oil has been at a high level. Even the worldwide economic depression has not caused oil prices to drop much. An important reason is that cheap and easy-to-exploit oil has been unable to meet human demand for oil, and more and more unconventional oil Resources are mined. These unconventional oil resources use complex technologies, high energy consumption, and large investment, all of which increase the cost of oil extraction and push up the price of oil. From this perspective, people also need to find alternative fuel products that can suppress the rise in oil prices. Of course, the high price of oil also makes it possible for some alternative routes that were originally considered economically uneconomical to be promoted economically.

Compared with the diversity of energy sources for power generation, oil substitution options are limited. To replace oil, it is necessary to find resources with a huge amount, easy storage and transportation, and high energy density, and at the same time, there are few resources and technical approaches that meet these points. An important candidate, also relatively mature in technology, is coal liquefaction technology. The reserves of coal are much higher than that of petroleum. After being converted into fuel oil, it can have all the advantages of petroleum fuel. Technically, coal liquefaction technology has a history of nearly ninety years. It was industrialized in Germany during World War II. Now this technical route provides nearly one quarter of the fuel supply for South Africa. However, coal itself is also fossil energy. Although its total reserves are much richer than oil, it is still limited. Even if it becomes the main force to replace oil in some places, it is not a long-term solution. At the same time, the current coal liquefaction technology is significantly more harmful to the environment than traditional oil routes. To overcome these environmental hazards, people need to pay a huge capital cost, and some technologies are not yet mature. There are similar problems when using natural gas liquefaction processes to produce oil products. Using one kind of fossil energy to replace another kind of fossil energy is definitely not a long-term solution to the problem. To find a long-term oil substitute solution, you need to rely on renewable energy.

The material energy characteristics of petroleum that are easy to preserve and transport make few alternative energy sources that can replace petroleum. In fact, among the renewable energy, only biomass energy is material energy, and other renewable energy is difficult to be transformed into material form. From this perspective, the application of biomass should consider the direction of alternative oil as much as possible, and give full play to the benefits of biomass energy. Simple power generation applications cannot take advantage of this feature of biomass energy. However, it is actually more difficult to implement. At present, there are not many mature technologies for converting biomass into biofuels. The most mature technology is biodiesel with sugar, starch ethanol and vegetable oil as raw materials. The two most widely promoted are these two biofuels. Almost 3% of the world’s fuel supply. Among them, ethanol is mainly composed of corn ethanol in the United States and sugarcane ethanol in Brazil, which together account for 90% of the world’s fuel ethanol supply; biodiesel is mainly in the European Union, which produces half of the world’s biodiesel production. However, these two types of biofuels use starch, sugar, and oil crops directly related to human food, occupying a lot of agricultural resources. At the beginning of expanding cultivation, they assumed the reputation of competing with people for food and land. The promotion in other parts of the world is obviously hindered. For many countries in the world where food security cannot be guaranteed, these two types of biofuels have no promotion conditions. Even in Europe and the United States, these two oil alternative routes have been criticized. Obviously, to achieve biofuels accounting for a quarter of the world’s fuel supply by 2050, it is impossible to rely on these two technical routes.

In fact, from the perspective of greenhouse gas emission reduction throughout the entire life cycle, the performance of these two routes is not good. Life cycle assessment is a comprehensive evaluation method, which examines the consumption of materials and environmental impacts of each link of a process route, including the collection and transportation of raw materials and important auxiliary materials, various processing links, and the delivery of finished products , The disposal of waste, etc., consider the material consumption and environmental impact of a product from raw materials to finished products to waste throughout the entire stage. Through such a detailed investigation, you can understand the advantages and disadvantages of different process routes. When you screen different technical routes, you can learn the actual resource consumption and actual environmental impact of each different technical route. The choice of technical route provides an important reference. For the same technical route, such analysis can also be used to understand what steps affect the overall effect and provide direction for process improvement. When considering the many candidates for petroleum substitutes, such an analysis can reveal whether the alternative methods chosen have many of the expected benefits.

For example, to evaluate the advantages of a biofuel route over petroleum, you need to start from the crop planting stage to investigate the energy and material consumption of each planting, sowing, and harvesting stage. The environmental impact includes not only the direct consumption in the field, but also Including the consumption of raw materials and environmental impacts during the production and transportation of chemical fertilizers and pesticides used. After the crop is harvested, it is necessary to examine the various preliminary processing steps and product transportation. After entering the fuel production line, we also need to investigate the consumption and impact of the entire process and the various raw materials and auxiliary materials used. After obtaining the product, you also need to consider the product distribution trial process. If there are by-products or emissions that need to be treated, then these by-products and emissions need to be taken into account. Because the investigation is a very tedious and detailed process, such an investigation has very strong regional characteristics. Even if it is the same process route, the results obtained in different regions will be different. You need to be very careful when looking at these inspection results. .

In 2007, the European Union published a life cycle assessment of automotive fuel alternatives based on the European Union. In this report, the EU’s own ethanol production raw materials are sugar beet and wheat. The conclusion is that such a route can reduce fossil energy consumption by 27% compared to the life cycle of traditional gasoline, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 30 %. When using rape to produce biodiesel, fossil energy consumption should be reduced by 64% compared to traditional diesel, and greenhouse gas emissions should be reduced by 53%. From this report alone, it can be seen that in the EU environment, the ethanol and biodiesel routes are valuable for reducing fossil energy consumption and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

But the situation in China is very different. In 2008, a doctoral thesis from Tsinghua University examined the actual life cycle of ethanol production in China. The conclusion is that fossils consumed in the life cycle of ethanol fuel are produced using corn, cassava, sweet potato, sweet sorghum, sugarcane, etc. as raw materials. Energy is much higher than the fossil energy consumed in the production of gasoline, and the greenhouse gas emissions of these routes are also higher than the gasoline route. According to this calculation, it can be said that the ethanol fuel project promoted by China at this stage has neither played a role in energy saving nor reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and has no positive environmental significance. Although it still has a positive meaning in terms of providing oil substitutes, it is somewhat unreasonable to continue to enjoy state subsidies for such high energy consumption and high emission alternatives.

In a similar international study, the number of ethanol routes in China is the worst, but it is not incomprehensible. There are mainly one reason for this result. The first is that China’s current agricultural production management is extensive, and the abuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is serious. The production and transportation of chemical fertilizers and pesticides all require energy consumption and cause greenhouse gas emissions. Especially when nitrogen fertilizer is not used properly, it will also increase the emission of nitrogen oxides in the land. Nitrogen oxides are nearly three hundred times more serious than the greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide. A small amount of emissions is enough to offset the carbon dioxide absorbed by plant growth. Then there is the issue of the fuel ethanol production process currently used in China. Fuel ethanol has high requirements on the purity of ethanol, so it needs to be purified by a certain process. The most common method is ethanol rectification. Ethanol rectification is a very energy-intensive process. Most of these domestic production lines use small self-provided cogeneration units to meet the energy required for production. These units often use raw coal that has not been washed, resulting in problems such as low unit efficiency. This also increases energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions during fuel production. In other words, it does not mean that China’s fuel ethanol production will definitely have no environmental benefits. After addressing these two major problems in a targeted manner, China’s fuel ethanol industry can also achieve real energy saving and emission reduction like other counterparts in the world. This targeted technological improvement should be the direction of government policy encouragement.

Domestic biodiesel production has similar problems. The investigation results of the doctoral thesis mentioned above are the fossil energy consumed during the life cycle of biodiesel produced by using soybean, rapeseed, cottonseed, jatropha, pistacia, light bark and even catering waste oil under domestic actual conditions. Are higher than the fossil energy consumed in the production of diesel; in terms of greenhouse gas emission reduction, only the route of using imported soybeans and containing forest trees as raw materials can achieve greenhouse gas emission reduction compared with diesel, and the use of other raw materials does not To the effect of reducing carbon emissions. The reason why this number is not very attractive, also in the two stages of planting and product processing, is similar to the situation of ethanol.

There are no obvious environmental benefits, and it also threatens food security. This may be one of the reasons for the recent slowdown in the domestic biofuel field. However, this does not mean that biofuels have no prospects in China. In fact, the problems encountered by China are not unique to China. Grain ethanol and biodiesel that use grain and oil as raw materials are internationally called first-generation biofuels. At present, the international research interest in biofuels has been concentrated on second-generation biofuels. The difference between the second generation and the first generation is that the second generation biofuel can use various biological wastes, or all or most of the crops, instead of the first generation biofuel, it can only be used as the most valuable thing. part. In this way, the energy consumed during the planting stage can be recovered more effectively. In addition, after most of the plants can be used as energy raw materials, the potential supply of biofuels has also greatly increased.

Because the research and development of related technologies started late, the second-generation biofuel has not yet entered the stage of industrialization, but the raw material range of the second-generation biofuel is very wide, and the fuel itself has many options. In the aforementioned EU report, several possible routes were examined for biogas, non-food ethanol, hydrogen, dimethyl ether, and synthetic diesel. Because the second-generation biofuels can use bio-waste as raw materials, and the energy consumption during the crop planting process will not be spread to the waste, so the life cycle energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of these paths have advantages. In the EU report, the biogas route is not outstanding in terms of saving fossil energy. It still consumes more fossil energy than the gasoline route, but it has achieved remarkable results in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In the ethanol route, the use of lignin to produce ethanol is superior to the grain ethanol route in both respects. The route of using biomass gasification to produce dimethyl ether and synthetic diesel and the route of hydrogen production do not perform well in terms of energy consumption, but they have made outstanding achievements in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 90%. . Synthetic diesel and traditional diesel are mixed in any ratio, without any changes to the distribution system and engine, which is an important advantage for the promotion of fuel.

The situation in China is similar to the EU in terms of second-generation biofuels. The research results of Tsinghua University cited above pointed out that from the perspective of life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions, the carbon dioxide emission reduction effect of the dimethyl ether, synthetic diesel, and hydrogen routes is significant, and the routes such as biomethanol and bioethanol are different because of the different engines used. The carbon emission reduction is slightly worse, but it is still better than the gasoline route, and can all play a role in reducing emissions. The study also pointed out that the actual emission reduction and energy-saving effects of biofuels with different raw materials and routes vary greatly, and this difference has obvious regional characteristics. Different regions may have solutions that suit their specific circumstances. The diverse choices of second-generation biofuels also give people plenty of choice, and they can find suitable development methods in the region according to local conditions.

After all, the second-generation biofuel has not yet entered the commercial promotion stage. These calculations are often based on theoretical models and calculations. The accuracy of the conclusions is certainly not as good as the data measured from actual production. With more and more industrial attempts in this field, people will have more and more understanding of these technical routes, and the evaluation indicators will more and more truly reflect the actual situation. However, these investigations have shown that the second-generation biofuel is indeed the direction of biofuel development. It can be said that since the raw materials of the second-generation biofuels are more extensive than the first-generation biofuels, the total amount of energy they can provide is also greater, which should play a great role in the replacement of oil.

For biofuels to play an important role in the field of replacing oil, it is not enough to rely solely on agricultural and forestry wastes, and special energy crops need to be cultivated. In order to avoid competing with people for food and land, these energy crops need to occupy as little land as possible and use places that are not suitable for commercial agricultural development. This puts forward higher requirements for the planted energy crop varieties. However, some energy crops in the current study can still meet these requirements. In addition to herbaceous woody energy crops, artificially grown algae is also a very promising biomass material. Algae are highly efficient for photosynthesis. Under appropriate external conditions, the growth rate of algae is generally higher than that of herbaceous and woody crops. This feature makes algae the best candidate for energy crops. There are also many options for the use of algae. Both special varieties can be screened to increase the oil content in the algae to eventually produce biodiesel, or biomass can be used for the purpose of providing carbon and energy for downstream fuel production. Some people in the world have listed algae-based fuel production as the third-generation biofuel, and they have seen this good prospect.

However, the current level of algae energy utilization is still far from practical application. Not only does the current cultivation and harvest of algae depend on a lot of machinery and consumes a lot of energy, the quality balance of algae growth determines that the current level of algae cannot be a reliable rely on energy issues. The growth of algae requires not only sunlight to drink carbon dioxide but also various other elements, especially nitrogen. At present, the supply of nitrogen is mainly provided in the form of chemical fertilizers. In fact, given sufficient sunlight and carbon dioxide, the growth rate of algae depends on the supply of nitrogen fertilizer. At present, the production of nitrogen fertilizer depends on fossil energy, which increases the fossil energy consumption of the algae route and increases the carbon dioxide emissions in the life cycle. In addition, the use of nitrogen fertilizer will also cause problems of nitrogen oxide emissions in the growing area. To achieve large-scale energy utilization of algae, it is necessary to develop biological direct nitrogen fixation technology. In this regard, it may depend on very advanced bioengineering technology. The same is true for other energy crops. If the clean supply of nitrogen fertilizers can be solved, the output of biofuels may increase significantly, and oil can be replaced in a larger proportion.

While studying biofuels, people are also trying to use alternative ways to replace oil, which is to change the current transportation industry that relies heavily on internal engines to use electrical energy for transportation. Electricity has played a role in the transportation industry. In the railway system, electric traction locomotives have become very popular. In the field of civilian vehicles, electric vehicles have also become popular as new energy vehicles in recent years. The advantage of electric vehicles is that they can use electricity, and the sources of electricity are very wide, which can be traditional thermal power generation or various new energy sources. In this way, the promotion of electric vehicles can get rid of dependence on oil. For oil importing countries, this is sometimes very important. In addition, there is no pollution on the user side of electric vehicles, which can eliminate car pollution on the user side. For large cities with high population density and crowded vehicles, improving the ownership rate of electric vehicles is also very important for clean city air. In fact, in terms of terminal environmental impact, electric vehicles have a great advantage over bio-carbon-based fuels, and only bio-hydrogen can be compared.

However, there is still a long way to go before electric cars can truly replace current internal combustion engine cars. The key problem is that the vehicle carries too little power. The storage of electricity has always been a hassle. Although battery technology is developing rapidly, the energy density that the battery can carry is still orders of magnitude worse than that of liquid fuel. Although the energy conversion efficiency of electric vehicles is much higher than that of internal combustion engines, the single-charge mileage of electric vehicles of the current technology still cannot meet people’s use requirements. In this regard, we still need to wait for technological progress. Plug-in hybrid vehicles that use electric power but still carry liquid fuel to meet long-distance needs provide new ideas for solving this problem, but related technologies are still being developed, and when to enter the market is still a problem.

In addition, the popularization of electric vehicles at this stage is also suspected of transferring pollution. Since the current main source of electricity is thermal power, thermal power itself has a great environmental impact. Life cycle studies have shown that in the United States and China, where coal accounts for a relatively high proportion of energy, the use of electric vehicles at this stage refers to cars with internal combustion engines, which have no significant effect on carbon dioxide emissions reduction, but in terms of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide emissions, in fact Increased pollution. Of course, it is not possible to deny the development direction of electric vehicles, but when promoting electric vehicles and promoting them, we should indeed consider the impact in this regard.

In short, there is really no good way for people to replace oil. At least for the expected 20 to 30 years, oil will still be the main energy used by the transportation industry, but it should also be seen that with the replacement technology Development, the proportion of oil in the transportation industry will become lower and lower.

The source of the picture is:

http://express.howstuffworks.com

http://www.cchange.net/

http://www.thegreenworkplace.com

http://www.cheapbizenergy.co.uk

Recommended for you


- Advertisement -

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisement -

Latest News

【一线采访视频版】大陆民众:庆幸早退出中共组织 | 退党 | 移民 | 美国

【大纪元2020年10月23日讯】(大纪元特约记者常春采访报导)美国移民局最近发布新移民政策指南,明文强调凡是申请移民的共产党员,或其它极权主义政党的党员或与其相关的成员,都不会获得受理。 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0uiZVimW-c大陆民众江先生表示:“退这个(少先)队是在2014年,2015年左右,我都退了。我对他们从来就没有过好感,因为从小我这个家族也是受他们迫害了几代。所以说我对他们就没有好感,从小就没有好感。我入少先队的时候,是小学毕业了,眼瞅毕业了最后一批,没招了,不入不行了。” 今年由于中共病毒(武汉肺炎)的全球流行,以及践踏香港自治等问题,中共前所未有地受到国际抵制,不少大陆民众以中共一员的身份为耻。 江先生表示,无论现在你是什么样一个社会状态,你加入这个组织,可以说是一个污点,真的是一个污点。当一个社会包括医疗、养老、物价、福利各个方面都不好的时候,那你执政党做的就是不好。# 责任编辑:孙芸

参与迫害法轮功 中共警察遭厄运实例 | 陈恩德 | 巴达日夫

【大纪元2020年10月23日讯】自从1999年7月20日,中共各级组织都有人在参与迫害法轮功学员,他们中许多人遭遇厄运,其中包括警察。 据明慧网不完全统计,截至2018年,在中共19年对法轮功的迫害中,有20,784名参与迫害者遭厄运。公安系统包括公安局、拘留所、看守所和派出所,遭厄运者有5,512人,其中警察有4,540人。 他们中有病死的、被雷劈死的、车祸死的、暴毙的、自杀的、半身不遂的,有被判刑、撤职的,还有自己作恶殃及家人的等等。 下面是近一两年来直接参与迫害法轮功学员的中共警察遭厄运的几个实例。 原山东省沂南县苏村镇派出所所长陈恩德病亡 陈恩德,68岁,是山东省沂南县蒲汪镇下坡村人,1999年江泽民迫害法轮功的初期,陈恩德任沂南县苏村镇派出所所长,后因迫害法轮功卖力,被调到沂南县拘留所。 陈恩德任苏村镇派出所所长期间,曾疯狂叫嚣打死法轮功学员不负任何责任。2020年10月,陈恩德遭厄运,因脑梗死亡。 沂南苏村镇是迫害法轮功重灾区,镇委书记王爱昌、任立军和派出所所长陈恩德和警察杜以刚等,对本镇法轮功学员进行了惨无人道的迫害,将法轮功学员杜以合暴打几天几夜。陈恩德将其用电棍电击近一小时,并用绳子勒昏死,用钢棍猛击他的腿骨腰骨,导致他重伤,只能爬行。 其他法轮功学员也都被扒光衣服,在雪地里挨冻,被强制灌酒,禁止睡觉,被用竹板猛抽等等。 王爱昌、任立军、陈恩德在任期间,将本镇法轮功学员非法劳教7人,间接迫害致死1人,将二十几人非法关在看守所;还对法轮功学员罚款、抄家,强制办洗脑班等等。 内蒙古正蓝旗公安局副局长巴达日夫落马 2019年3月30日,正在政府开会的正蓝旗公安局副局长巴达日夫,被戴上黑头套带离会场,接受审查。 同年11月,巴达日夫被苏尼特左旗检察院以涉嫌徇私枉法罪等向旗法院提起公诉。年底被法院庭审,最终被绳之以法。 事情起因于10年前,发生在正蓝旗的一起重伤害案件。在侦办过程中,案犯凶手贿赂巴达日夫十万元钱后,逍遥法外。受害人不服,但一直上告无门。没想到,当年的案犯10年后,再次犯下凶杀罪。巴达日夫也因此受牵连。 巴达日夫在任职期间,作为主管副局长对当地法轮功学员遭受的迫害负有不可推卸的责任。 2015年11月,公安系统对全旗参与起诉江泽民的法轮功学员进行骚扰恐吓,其中吕姓的法轮功学员被非法关押10天。 2017年6月,法轮功学员小苗被十几个刑警和国保人员抄家绑架,在阴冷的地下审讯室被轮番审讯、威胁辱骂,直到身体不能承受,承认那些书籍资料是自己制作的,才被允许睡觉,地上只有一个草垫子,没有被褥。 小苗被关入看守所后又遭到狱警安智颖的殴打,生命出现危险,才被取保。一年后,小苗又被公安绑架关押,遭非法起诉、非法庭审。在下达非法判决前,小苗没和家人告别,被迫流离失所,从此杳无音信。 云南省楚雄市公安局警察李俊暴病死亡 云南省楚雄州楚雄市公安局警察李俊,49岁,在2020年4月的一天上班中突然暴病,抢救无效后死亡。李俊上有八十多岁老父亲,下有在校读书的女儿。因为他的死亡,其妻每天哭两三次。 1999年7月23日下午6点多钟,大概有三十多名法轮功学员自发地顶着铺天盖地的打压迫害,陆续来到桃园湖文化宫前边的空地上坚持炼法轮功,无声地抗议江泽民集团对法轮功的无理迫害。 在他们炼功时,来了几辆110警车。李俊是110的组长,他带领着警察抢学员的录音机、炼功带,抢法轮功经文,把法轮功学员全部抓进公安局。学员们从警察手里抢回经文、录音机。警察气急败坏地驱赶他们。 李俊出生在一个普通家庭,他曾对关系处得好的朋友说:自己家境贫寒,父母都没有权,没有钱,没有社会地位。所以,李俊把中共当成了改变命运、能升官发财的救命稻草。李俊曾在楚雄市东瓜镇派出所当过党书记。 善恶面前须认真选择 法轮功是佛家高德大法,法轮功学员按照“真、善、忍”要求自己,于己、于民、于国都是百利而无一害。 中国古人有句话:善恶有报是天理,只争来早与来迟。 时事评论员夏小强指出,在中国的传统文化中,善恶有报如影随形这种观念,让人们努力的行善,可以为自己今后的生活和子孙后代积点福德。 相反,人如果做了坏事,也就要在未来接受苦难和灾难并且偿还,有时候还会殃及自己的家人。在人类东、西方的历史上,都留下了因为迫害信仰和修行者而遭到报应的教训。比如强大的罗马帝国因为迫害基督徒,而遭受几次大的瘟疫之后亡国;在中国历史上也有三武一宗灭佛,不仅给百姓带来灾难,这些灭佛的皇帝也都遭到壮年暴毙的报应。 中国历史学者、教授刘因全也指出,因果报应与报应不爽确实存在,善有善报、恶有恶报,对法轮功的迫害也是这样。 明慧网奉劝那些还在参与迫害法轮功学员的人悬崖勒马,不要祸及自身及子孙后代,没了命,追求的升官发财等一切眼前利益都是一场空。 文字整理:李洁思;责任编辑:高静 #

不放弃信仰 湖北工大教师张华平被劫入洗脑班 | 转化迫害 | 绑架

【大纪元2020年10月23日讯】10月16日,武汉市洪山区狮子山派出所警察伙同湖北工业大学保卫处、湖工社区不法人员,威逼该大学职工、法轮功学员张华平老师到狮子山派出所,之后,将他劫持到湖北省洗脑班迫害。 明慧网报导,张华平,五十多岁,毕业于武汉大学图书管理系,一直任职于湖北工业大学图书馆。修炼法轮功二十多年来,他严格按照“真、善、忍”原则做好人,工作认真负责,不争名利,与人为善。在亲友、同事的心目中是难得的好人。 由于武汉高校是迫害法轮功的重灾区,张华平也没能幸免于难。 2020年10月1日长假刚过,狮子山派出所警察就联合湖北工业大学相关领导给张华平施压,每天找他谈话,逼迫其表态放弃修炼法轮功,并施以开除公职、进洗脑班的威胁。张华平声明绝不会放弃修炼,继而被绑架到省洗脑班。 中共迫害法轮功21年来,张华平多次被非法抄家、绑架、关押、骚扰:2000年8月,被武汉市公安局文保处、南湖派出所非法抄家、绑架、毒打;2001年11月,被南湖派出所非法抄家、骚扰;2002年2月,被南湖派出所非法刑事拘留一个月。 2002年,湖工党委个别人仅仅因他修炼法轮功,强制将他2001年的年度考评结果降级,由图书馆其他工作人员和领导已经评定的“合格”改为“基本合格”,扣发一个月工资,且三年不让他申报职称。 2002年6月,张华平被校保卫处绑架到湖北省洗脑班强制洗脑,残酷迫害一个多月,出来后有很长一段时间精神恍惚;2004年9月,他又被非法抄家、绑架,被劫持到武昌杨园洗脑班迫害;2010年5月18日,张华平再次被绑架至湖北省洗脑班迫害。 因为多次被绑架到省洗脑班受到非人折磨,张华平的精神受到极大的摧残。出来好多年后,每每想到那些经历,都会痛苦不堪。 湖北省洗脑班,也称“湖北省法制教育所”、又称板桥洗脑班或南湖洗脑班,是除武汉市江岸区谌家矶洗脑班之外最残暴的洗脑班。这个洗脑班在武昌区三环线南湖大道一处风景优美的湖畔,可是洗脑班里面却是个“法西斯集中营”。 这里的打手和管教都是社会闲杂人员,因为找不到工作,被政府部门召集来做“陪教”。但他们本身就是流氓,素质低下、满口脏话,更不懂法律,狱警正好利用这些人的狂暴变态的个性来变本加厉地迫害法轮功学员。狱警和所谓“管教”利用阴狠毒辣的酷刑迫害法轮功学员。 全国很多的针对法轮功学员的残酷迫害手段都是从这里输出的,比如长时间不让睡觉、罚站、野蛮灌食、暴力殴打、不让吃饭喝水、手铐、电击、在食物里下毒、打毒针…… 洗脑班在进行肉体迫害的同时,还施行一系列结合心理学手段的精神迫害。这里的“犹大”(之前修炼过法轮功,后来被转化洗脑,放弃修炼,再被利用来迫害法轮功学员)也猖獗,折磨人非常疯狂,不少法轮功学员被迫害致疯、致死。 自2002年2月以来,被劫持到湖北省洗脑班遭受迫害的法轮功学员多达一千多人,有的人被多次劫持至此。这个洗脑班就是以折磨人为目的的,众多的法轮功学员在此地受到隔离、监控、蒙骗、逼迫、侮辱、恐吓、毒打等残酷的肉体折磨和精神虐杀。从这里不断地传出死讯,有的法轮功学员在那里被迫害致死,有的是回家后在短期内死亡。# 文字整理:李洁思;责任编辑:高静

背痛怎么办?1个动作增强背肌、改善疼痛 | 运动 | 闪腰 | 下背痛

经常背痛的人,应该做什么运动改善?1个简单动作可以增强背肌、缓解疼痛。 背痛复健,教你1个最简单动作 有背痛问题,首先要看医生。原力复健科诊所医师、前林口长庚医院复健科主治医师王思恒(史考特)指出,有些背痛的原因不单纯,“少部分患者其实是癌症、脊椎骨折,需要开刀、做完治疗后才能运动。” 对于正常的背痛,最简单的复健训练就是坐姿推墙。 作法(影片示范): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IiOSlwYyG-I 1. 坐在椅子上,想像前面有一道透明的墙,双手向前推,并撑5~10秒。 2. 双手收回,再重复推墙动作。 推的时候,若能感觉到背部在用力、有酸紧感,就代表肌肉得到了训练。王思恒说,很多长期背痛的人不敢弯腰,久而久之背部肌肉就萎缩了;肌力不足,疼痛就更难好转。而这个动作可以给予背部适当的刺激,避免背肌萎缩,甚至加强肌肉。 突然闪腰导致下背痛?用逐步复健法 突然闪到腰、受伤,导致下背痛,一下子失去原本的运动能力,此时可以用逐步复健的方法。 首先,找到一个不会造成下背痛加剧、适合自己的运动方法,无论是走路、骑脚踏车、瑜珈、皮拉提斯或重训都可以。然后,从最轻松、身体最能承受的强度开始,逐渐增加运动时间、运动强度,并持续观察疼痛状况。 “我曾经有一段时间下背痛,痛了大概9个月,最严重的时候自己没办法绑鞋带。”王思恒回忆。于是,可以深蹲160公斤的他,决定从零开始。第一天只做空手深蹲,隔天背痛没有恶化,就改为20公斤空杠。再慢慢增加到30公斤、40公斤、50公斤。随着深蹲重量不断增加,他同时观察自己的背痛是否加重。就这样逐渐进步,直到最后运动能力完全恢复。 通过这个方法,后来王思恒又有一次受伤下背痛,只花9天时间就复原了。 当随着运动加强,疼痛没有加重,就代表找对了复健方法,正在以理想的方式恢复。因为“复健”就意味着“慢慢恢复原本的运动能力”,王思恒说。从另一方面来说,休息则是最糟的复健。 身处纷乱之世,心存健康之道,就看健康1+1! · 腰背痛怎么办?8招保养腰部 和疼痛拜拜 · 膝盖痛先别深蹲!1个动作强化膝关节 · “闪腰”怎么办?中医师教你摆脱病根 责任编辑:李清风
- Advertisement -

More Articles Like This

- Advertisement -